Muscid Flies Muscidae Roger D. Moon Tsetse Flies Glossinidae William L. Myiasis Muscoidea, Oestroidea Philip J. Scholl, Douglas D. Colwell, and Ramon Cepeda-Palacios Reeves and John E. Lloyd Moths and Butterflies Lepidoptera Gary R. Mullen and Jennifer M. Zaspel Reed and Peter J. Landolt Scorpions Scorpiones Gary R. Mullen and W. David Sissom Solpugids Solifugae Gary R.
Mullen Spiders Araneae Gary R.
Mullen and Richard S. Vetter Mites Acari Gary R. Mullen and Barry M.
OConnor Ticks Ixodida William L. Nicholson, Daniel E. Sonenshine, Bruce H. Noden, and Richard N. Brown He earned his M. He joined the faculty of Auburn University in as a medical-veterinary entomologist, acarologist, and aquatic ecologist, teaching courses and conducting research at Auburn for 34 years. His major areas of research have focused on biting flies, notably mosquitoes and biting midges, and ticks as vectors of animal pathogens.
He earned a Ph. He is the author or co-author of approximately peer-reviewed publications including 24 book chapters and 7 books or monographs. His research focuses on ectoparasitic arthropods and vector-borne diseases. I suspect that this edition will become one of the most used references for nonentomological readers such as veterinarians, physicians, and epidemiologists who need information about arthropod-borne diseases.
The editors assembled an impressive list of authors who are subject-matter experts, and each chapter was written by authoritative experts on the taxa being presented. Share This Paper. Figures and Tables from this paper. Figures and Tables. Citations Publications citing this paper. Alwabli , Sana G.
Geographical distribution of arthropod-borne diseases and their principal vectors
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Abstract In recent years, there has been increasing recognition of the value of multiple data sources available to fulfill surveillance objectives, and the use of these has been applied to address many questions relating to animal health surveillance. Keywords: bluetongue, surveillance, freedom from disease, serology, Ireland, sampling.
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Introduction In , several Northern European countries, including Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands, as well as France, experienced outbreaks of bluetongue caused by bluetongue virus serotype 8 BTV8. Methods The serological samples During the midge biting season, with the exception of very young calves, all cattle in Ireland would be expected to be outdoors on pastures, and cull cows would therefore be expected to be exposed to BTV infected to the same degree as the rest of the bovine population.
Sample size calculations The sample size required to substantiate freedom from BTV was determined to be , given the Irish bovine population of 6. Sample selection Three factors guided sample selection: Geographical Stratification. Results In total, sera from 50, cull cows were available for selection for this study. Open in a separate window.
Figure 1. Figure 2. Figure 3. Figure 4. Figure 5. Discussion This study found no evidence of seroconversion to BTV in the vector competent season in a geographically stratified sample of sera collected from cull cows at slaughter. Author contributions JT devised the methodology, conducted the analyses and had overall responsibility for writing the manuscript.
Conflict of interest statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. References 1. Bluetongue in Europe: past, present and future. Philos Trans B — Bluetongue disease: an analysis of the epidemic in Germany — In: Mehlhorn H, editor. Berlin; Heidelberg: Springer; Assessing diversity and abundance of vector populations at a national scale: example of culicoides surveillance in france after bluetongue virus emergence.
Control of bluetongue in Europe. Vet Microbiol. Estimation of French cattle herd immunity against bluetongue serotype 8 at the time of its re-emergence in BMC Vet Res. Fco-4 en France Continentale — Point au 11 Decembre Sci Tech Rev. Culicoides biting midges: their role as arbovirus vectors. Annu Rev Entomol. Bluetongue virus serotype 1 outbreak in the Basque country Northern Spain — Data support a primary vector windborne transport. Range expansion of the Bluetongue vector, Culicoides imicola , in continental France likely due to rare wind-transport events. Sci Rep.
Ganter M. Bluetongue disease—global overview and future risks. Small Ruminant Res. Indoor and outdoor winter activity of Culicoides biting midges, vectors of bluetongue virus, in Italy. Med Vet Entomol. The pathology and pathogenesis of Bluetongue. J Compar Pathol. Cost distribution of bluetongue surveillance and vaccination programmes in Austria and Switzerland — Vet Rec.https://wydofyfowy.cf
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Demonstrating freedom from disease using multiple complex data sources: 2: case study—classical swine fever in Denmark. Prev Vet Med. Demonstrating freedom from disease using multiple complex data sources 1: a new methodology based on scenario trees. Surveillance system sensitivities and probability of freedom from Mycobacterium avium subsp.